Quality testing Instruments in Civil Engineering


Civil engineering equipment and their uses. The products and services you offer with customer driven approach.

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by Vishwa Mitra Rai

Types of Civil Engineering Tools

There may be a few hundred tools that are used by civil engineers, and there are always new developments happening in this field. This may include higher capacity survey equipment that’s meant to address certain challenges while construction is underway. There are tools that are used for measuring certain areas, and there are others that are designed to help with a project’s execution. Some of the surveying supplies that are used for measuring include:
  • Compasses and cinometers
  • Transits and theodolites
  • Levels
  • Chains and tapes
  • Prisms and reflectors
  • Magnetic locators
  • Grade rods

There are also various tools that are used for testing concrete, as well as for sand and other aggregates. Civil engineers may have to use certain tools to test the soil and water quality of an area, and there are a virtually endless amount of tools that are used in construction. For highways, they might use the following:

  • Scrapers
  • Compactors
  • Asphalt laying machinery
  • Concrete pavers
  • Concrete spreading machinery
  • Concrete mixers
  • Transit mixers
  • Compaction equipment
  • Concrete vibrators
  • Tippers
  • Trailers
  • Dumpers
  • Tankers

For high-rise buildings, they may need to use cranes, hoists, winches, and scaffolding so they can work at higher altitudes. And there may be other types of machinery that are good for building dams and bridges. This is in addition to the various types of survey equipment being used for planning and measuring, which is often the first step before any type of construction can take place.

As a civil engineer, materials form the basis of what you do. Understanding material properties can help you make design decisions. Consider the road you drive on every day. Is it concrete or asphalt? At some point, an engineer had to ask, “How do those materials behave?” The answer to that question can be read in a book or developed through tactile knowledge in a lab. Testing materials and writing lab reports familiarize you with materials’ properties.

Types of Lab Reports

Different types of lab reports are written for various situations. One such situation is an engineer must know the properties of three samples, so he sends the samples to the company’s lab. A day later, he receives a slip of paper with his project’s number on it and the results of the lab test. Since he already knows what procedures were used to test the samples, he does not require a formal report.

In school, instructors inform you of the data your lab reports should include. In industry, the amount of detail included in a lab report depends on who your readers are and how they will use the data. Most companies have strict requirements about the types of lab reports produced.

We have helped many industries with the use of microstructure examination as a quality control tool for determining heat treatment. We have taken a lead in certifying Heat Treatment Quality aspect from the point of view of a microstructure. A conventional acceptance criterion for heat treatment is through hardness testing. However, hardness testing alone can be misleading, since certain unwanted phases and its distribution is not reflected in hardness reading. Fine distribution of phases and its monitoring through microstructure is the only answer for the acceptance of heat treatment that promises desired or extended life of a component.


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